Role of continuing regular follow-up of serial B-human chorionic gonadotropin measurements with health education following initial surgical management of complete molar pregnancy cases

Research Article


Abstract views: 171 / PDF downloads: 69

Authors

  • Elmahaishi MS

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.58372/2835-6276.1125

Keywords:

complete molar pregnancy, serial B-HCG , persistent trophoblast disease

Abstract

Objective: Our goal to confirm complete cure, early detection of persistent gestational trophoblastic disease and more effective and less complex treatment.

Methods: Fifty-one patients from 12,960 were admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Tobruk Medical Center between August 2018 and July 2021 with complete molar pregnancy, the diagnosis was confirmed with histopathology after initial surgical management. Following identification of these patients, due to lack of registration centers, the patient's telephone was required to complete the data for continuing regular follow-ups over a period of time these patients were evaluated prospectively according to their age, number of deliveries, history of normal and abnormal pregnancy, the quantity of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-HCG) at the time of diagnosis and follow-up and treatment type. Persistent gestational trophoblast disease was diagnosed on the basis of a rise of B-HCG after initial evacuation, and just one patient in our study diagnosed with invasive mole and underwent second evacuation and none of these patients developed choriocarcinoma during the follow-up period. Analysis was conducted by using the social package of statistical science (SPSS) version 25 software. 

Results: 51 patients (0.39%) were diagnosed with complete molar pregnancy (CMP), the mean age was 31.90 (8.169) years range (17-47 years). Among 51 patients with CMP over three years, seventeen patients (33.3%) were diagnosed with persistent gestational trophoblast disease (PGTD), the incidence is about 1.3 per 1000 per deliveries, thirty-four patients (66.7%) reached spontaneous remission of molar gestation in a median time of 61 days and had a total follow-up time of 24 months. 

Conclusion: Follow-up women with complete molar pregnancy especially after initial management is challenging task as the incidence of molar pregnancy increasing  and exposed to the risk of developing persistent gestational trophoblastic disease, and there are no specialist centres for documentation and surveillance programme. And due to wide geographical area in Libya and difficulty in the follow-up patients with molar pregnancies, especially after initial treatment has been performed. Therefore, we must create multiple centers throughout the country to cover all cases as much as possible and the communication between the patients and centers via internet, to ensure early detection of pregnancy complications.

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Published

2024-01-31

How to Cite

Elmahaishi MS. (2024). Role of continuing regular follow-up of serial B-human chorionic gonadotropin measurements with health education following initial surgical management of complete molar pregnancy cases : Research Article. American Journal of Medical and Clinical Research & Reviews, 3(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.58372/2835-6276.1125

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