DIARRHEA IN CHILDREN 0-5 YEARS OLD AT THE COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTER OF BECORA: HEALTH PROMOTION AS A MEASURE OF INTERVENTION
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Keywords:Diarrhea, Health promotion, Child
Introduction: In Timor-Leste, diarrhea ranks at second place with 15.7% of the 10 major diseases reported and as a cause of children's hospitalization, out of all hospitalized children. Diarrhea is one of the 5 most frequent cases of admission of children aged 0-5 years at Becora community health center.
Objective: To analyze the importance of health promotion as preventive measures for diarrhea in children aged 0-5 years at Becora community health center, at the Cristo Rei post administrative in the Municipality of Dili, Timor-Leste.
Methods: Descriptive study with a quantitative approach, using an intentional non-probabilistic sample. The questionnaire contains closed questions of the dichotomous and Likert scale type.
Results: Parents report having good practices in personal hygiene and in the preparation, cooking and storage of food. Parents also consider that health promotion is extremely important for the prevention and control of diarrhea. However, we point out that some parents still use soap and water as a form of disinfection, do not wash vegetables and fruits properly, nor do they wash their hands properly when they handle the garbage, when they go to the bathroom. Parents mention that they do not always know the etiology of diarrhea, they do not know how to explain the forms of transmission and control through health education and hygiene measures.
Conclusion: We need to develop initiatives to prevent childhood diarrhea and despite the insufficient number of interventions supported by health promotion and education, it is recognized that nurses should promote the improvement of the quality of life of these children to recognize the nursing profession in Timor East.
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