Research Article

Abstract views: 440 / PDF downloads: 86


  • Carlos Boavida Tilman




Diarrhea, Health promotion, Child


Introduction: In Timor-Leste, diarrhea ranks at second place with 15.7% of the 10 major diseases reported and as a cause of children's hospitalization, out of all hospitalized children. Diarrhea is one of the 5 most frequent cases of admission of children aged 0-5 years at Becora community health center.

Objective: To analyze the importance of health promotion as preventive measures for diarrhea in children aged 0-5 years at Becora community health center, at the Cristo Rei post administrative in the Municipality of Dili, Timor-Leste.

Methods: Descriptive study with a quantitative approach, using an intentional non-probabilistic sample. The questionnaire contains closed questions of the dichotomous and Likert scale type.

Results: Parents report having good practices in personal hygiene and in the preparation, cooking and storage of food. Parents also consider that health promotion is extremely important for the prevention and control of diarrhea. However, we point out that some parents still use soap and water as a form of disinfection, do not wash vegetables and fruits properly, nor do they wash their hands properly when they handle the garbage, when they go to the bathroom. Parents mention that they do not always know the etiology of diarrhea, they do not know how to explain the forms of transmission and control through health education and hygiene measures.

Conclusion: We need to develop initiatives to prevent childhood diarrhea and despite the insufficient number of interventions supported by health promotion and education, it is recognized that nurses should promote the improvement of the quality of life of these children to recognize the nursing profession in Timor East.


Daisy & Fabiana (2014). Hospitalizations for gastroenteritis and diarrhea of presumptive infectious origin in children aged zero to five years. Revista da AMRIGS, Porto Alegre, 58 (1): 24-29.

Silva, E. (2010). Behavior of childhood diarrhea before and after consumption of rainwater in a municipality in the Brazilian semiarid region. Text e context de enfermagem. [online]. 19(4), 691-699. ISSN 0104-0707.

Rudin, I. et al. (2015). Epidemiology and etiology of Childhood. WHO SEARO.

Ministry of Health Timor-Leste (2018). Annual Statistics Report. Office System Information and Surveillance Epidemiology.

Direção Nacional de Estatística (2015). Timor-Leste Demography Health Survey. ICF Macro Calverton, Maryland, U.S.A.

Community Health Centre of Becora. (2021). Statistics Report of Relatório Integrated Management Childhood Illness(IMCI). Access date on October 30th 2021.

Rolim, J. et al. (2004). Permanent Education in the Context of Nursing and Health. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 57(5), 605-610.

Guerra, M. (2011). Nursing Care for Children with Diarrhea: From Primary Care to Medium and High Complexity – A Literature Review. Revista de Enfermagem UFPE online. 5(3):828-35.

Portuguese Society of Gastroenterology (2013). Diarrhea Magazine. Accessed January 3rd, 2015. Available at:http://www.spg.pt/wp-content/ uploads/2013/02/noc_diarreia_revista3.pdf.

Hockenberry, M. & Wilson, D. (2011). Won – Child and Adolescent Nursing. 9th ed. Volumes I and II. Loures: Lusodidact. ISBN: 978-989-748-004-1.

Davidson, G., et al. (2012). Infectious diarrhea in children: Working Group report of the First World Congress of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 35(Suppl 2), S143 –50.

Sapiens, A. (2013). Acute diarrhea in children and adolescents - Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment. Available at:file:///C:/Users/Gon%C3% A7alo% 20Vilelas/Downloads/Diarr%C3%A9ia% 20aguda% 20em%20crian%C3%A7as%20e% 20adolescentes% 20-%20%20Diretrizes%20para% 20o%20diagn% C3%B3stico%20e%20tratamento% 20(1).pdf

Brazil. (2017). Rotavirus - Health Tips. Brasília: Dec., 20017. Accessed: Oct. 31, 2021.Available in:http:// bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/ dicas/96rotavirus.html

World Health Organization (2014). Discussion document on the concept and principles. Health promotion: concepts and principles, a selection of papers presented at Working Group on Concepts and Principles. Copenhagen: Regional Office for Europe.

Browning, G. et al. (2017). Innovations in theory development for nursing discipline. Volume I accessed on 19 October 2021. Available on the internethttps:// repository.unm.edu/dspace/ bitstream/1928/3233/1/2007PHDTheoryExtensionMo nograp.

Pender, N., Yang, K. (2012). Promotion physical activity. Journal of Nursing Research, 10(1), 57-64.

Schmitt, E. et al. (2010). Nursing in pediatrics and childcare. São Paulo: Ateneo.

Integrated Attention to Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) for Medical Education, -Assessment of children from 2 months to 5 years of age, 2019. Accessed on October 21, 2021. Available at: http:// bvsms.saude.gov.br/ bvs/publicacoes/ 11 manual_aidpi_neonatal_3ed_2012.pdf

Tilman C.B et al. (2020). The Perception of Population and Health Professionals regarding the National immunization Program of Timor-Leste. Health Systems and Policy Research, ISSN 2254- 9137 Vol.7 No.1:2 2020. www.imedpub.com published date may 11, 2020.

Silva, G. (2012). Acute diarrhea: risk factors and management. Revista Pediátrica do Ceará, 3 (1), 5- 9.

Florentino, I. L., et al. (2014). Epidemiology of acute diarrheal diseases in Cariri - CE. Revista Interfaces, 2.

Sousa T. (2012) The relationship between Echerchia Coli at refill drinking water depots with the incidence of diarrhea in children under five in Dom Aleixo District, Dili Regency. University of Indonesia, Jakarta.

Green, L. W. (2009). Health education’s contributions to public health in the twentieth century: a glimpse through health promotion’s rear-view mirror. Review Public Health, 88, 20- 67.




How to Cite

Carlos Boavida Tilman. (2022). DIARRHEA IN CHILDREN 0-5 YEARS OLD AT THE COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTER OF BECORA: HEALTH PROMOTION AS A MEASURE OF INTERVENTION: Research Article. American Journal of Medical and Clinical Research & Reviews, 1(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.58372/2835-6276.1005




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>